Sufficient effect of 1-week omeprazole and amoxicillin dual treatment for Helicobacter pylori eradication in cytochrome P450 2C19 poor metabolizers

J Gastroenterol. 1999;34 Suppl 11:80-3.

Abstract

Omeprazole is widely used for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. It is metabolized by cytochrome P450 2C19 enzyme (CYP2C19) in the liver. Because this enzyme exhibits a genetic polymorphism, patients with low metabolic activity (poor metabolizers) may be exposed to higher concentrations of this drug than are patients who are extensive metabolizers. Eighty-six patients with cultured H. pylori-positive gastritis or peptic ulcers who completed the treatment and assessment of anti-H. pylori therapy were analyzed for CYP2C19 genotyping using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method [the wild-type or two mutant genes (ml in exon 5 and m2 in exon 4), or both]. Patients were classified into three groups according to the H. pylori eradication regimen: group I (n = 21; omeprazole 40mg/ day and amoxicillin 2000mg/day for 1 week); group II (n = 21; group I regimen plus sucralfate 4000mg/day, for 1 week); group III (n = 44; group I regimen plus clarithromycin 800mg/day, for 1 week). The combination of two mutant alleles (ml/ml, ml/m2, m2/m2-poor metabolizers) was observed in 13 of 86 patients (15%), and all poor metabolizer patients achieved H. pylori eradication regardless of their treatment regimens. In addition, the eradication rates of the poor metabolizers were significantly higher than those of other genotypes who carry homozygous or heterozygous normal allele (extensive metabolizers) in group I or groups I and II combined. CYP2C19 genotyping can provide a new strategy to choose an optimal regimen, and this genotyping is especially useful for Japanese, as the frequency of poor metabolizers is five times greater than that found among Caucasians.

MeSH terms

  • Amoxicillin / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents / metabolism
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases*
  • Asians*
  • Clarithromycin / administration & dosage
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • DNA Primers
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy*
  • Helicobacter Infections / genetics
  • Helicobacter pylori*
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • Omeprazole / administration & dosage*
  • Omeprazole / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Sucralfate / administration & dosage
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents
  • DNA Primers
  • Sucralfate
  • Amoxicillin
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • CYP2C19 protein, human
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19
  • Clarithromycin
  • Omeprazole