The impact of a brief intervention on maternal smoking behavior

Pediatrics. 2000 Jan;105(1 Pt 3):267-71.


Objective: To determine if mothers receiving a smoking cessation intervention emphasizing health risks of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) for their children have a higher quit rate than 1) mothers receiving routine smoking cessation advice or 2) a control group.

Design: Randomized, controlled trial.

Setting: Primary care center in a large urban children's hospital.

Intervention: Four hundred seventy-nine mothers were randomly assigned to a smoking cessation intervention either aimed at their child's health or their own health, or to a control group receiving safety information.

Outcome measures: Smoking status, stage of change, cigarettes/day, location smoking occurred, and knowledge of ETS effects.

Results: Complete data (baseline and both follow-ups) were available for 166 subjects. There was no impact of group assignment on the quit rate, cigarettes/day, or stage of change. The Child Health Group intervention had a sustained effect on location where smoking reportedly occurred (usually outside) and on improved knowledge of ETS effects.

Conclusions: Further research is needed to devise more effective methods of using the pediatric health care setting to influence adult smoking behaviors.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Welfare*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Maternal Behavior*
  • Smoking Cessation*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / prevention & control*


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution