[Liver involvement in coeliac disease]

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 1999 Dec;91(12):846-52.
[Article in Spanish]


Coeliac disease is a gluten-sensitive enteropathy in which, genetic, immunologic and environmental factors are implied. Several extradigestive diseases have been described in association with coeliac disease, which share most of the times an immunologic mechanism. The liver is damaged in coeliac disease, and it has been considered by some authors as an extraintestinal manifestation of the disease. In the present revision we discuss the different hepatic diseases related with the coeliac disease, as well as the best approach to diagnosis and therapy of choice. At diagnosis, it is very frequent to find an asymptomatic hipertransaminasemia, which frequently disappears after gluten suppression; the morphological substratum found in this alteration is a non-specific reactive hepatitis in the majority of cases. Coeliac disease is a demonstrated cause of cryptogenic hipertransaminasemia. In a small percentage of patient with coeliac disease an association has been found with other immunological liver diseases, such as primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis. Few studies exist that include a large number of patient, and the results on occasions are discordant. Nevertheless, the strongest association is with autoimmune hepatitis and with primary biliary cirrhosis. Several communications of isolated cases of rare hepatic diseases, which probably, only reflect a fortuitous association, have been cited in the literature.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Celiac Disease / complications*
  • Celiac Disease / epidemiology
  • Cholangitis, Sclerosing / etiology
  • Fatty Liver / etiology
  • Hepatitis / epidemiology
  • Hepatitis / etiology
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary / epidemiology
  • Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary / etiology
  • Liver Diseases / epidemiology
  • Liver Diseases / etiology*
  • Prevalence