Repeated intramuscular injections of testosterone undecanoate for substitution therapy in hypogonadal men

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1999 Dec;51(6):757-63. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2265.1999.00881.x.


Objective: To investigate the suitability of intramuscular testosterone undecanoate (TU) injections for substitution therapy in hypogonadal men.

Study design: Clinical, open-label, non-randomized trial of 13 hypogonadal men receiving 4 intramuscular injections of 1000 mg TU in 4-ml castor oil at 6-week intervals. General wellbeing, sexual parameters, clinical chemistry, hormone levels, prostate size and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were evaluated over 24 weeks and compared with baseline values.

Results: Testosterone serum levels were never found below the lower limit of normal and only briefly after the 3rd and 4th injection above the upper limit of normal, while peak and trough values increased over the 24-week observation period. Oestradiol and dihydrotestosterone followed this pattern, not exceeding the normal limits. No serious side-effects were noted. Slight increases in body weight, haemoglobin, haematocrit, prostate volume and PSA, suppression of gonadotrophins as well as increased ejaculation frequency occurred as signs of adequate testosterone substitution.

Conclusion: Testosterone undecanoate is well tolerated by the patients. The injection intervals can be extended even beyond the 6-week periods chosen in the present study. Altogether, intramuscular testosterone undecanoate appears to be well suited for long-term substitution therapy in hypogonadism and hormonal male contraception.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Dihydrotestosterone / blood
  • Ejaculation / drug effects
  • Estradiol / blood
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Hypogonadism / blood
  • Hypogonadism / drug therapy*
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin / analysis
  • Testosterone / administration & dosage
  • Testosterone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Testosterone / blood
  • Testosterone / therapeutic use


  • Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • Testosterone
  • Estradiol
  • testosterone undecanoate