A phase II study of gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with advanced, persistent, or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

Gynecol Oncol. 2000 Jan;76(1):63-6. doi: 10.1006/gyno.1999.5657.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the response rate and toxicity of cis-platinum and gemcitabine in advanced, recurrent, or persistent squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix.

Methods: From July 1997 to January 1999, we conducted a Phase II trial in patients with advanced, persistent, or recurrent carcinoma of the cervix. The schedule employed 1250 mg/m(2) of gemcitabine on days 1 and 8 and 50 mg/m(2) of cis-platinum on day 1 in a 21-day cycle. Eligibility criteria were a GOG performance status of 0-2, adequate bone marrow reserve, serum creatinine less than 1.8 mg%, and a lesion which could be measured in two dimensions. None of the patients had received prior chemotherapy other than radiation sensitizers. Standard GOG toxicity and response criteria were used.

Results: Nineteen patients were enrolled into the trial. Two patients were inevaluable because of inadequate trial of drug. Seventeen patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. The median age of the patients was 47 years (range 24-72). The median number of cycles delivered was 5 (range 2-8). The incidence of grade 4 neutropenia and anemia was 2.4 and 1.2%, respectively. Two patients developed a single episode of grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity. The overall response rate was 41% (7/17). There was 1 complete response of 14 months duration and 6 partial responses. Among those patients not previously irradiated, the response rate was 57% (4/7). Among the radiated patients, the response rate was 30% (3/10) with all responses occurring in the radiation field.

Conclusion: This combination of cis-platinum and gemcitabine is a well-tolerated regimen which exhibits high activity in advanced, recurrent, or persistent squamous cell cervical cancer.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage
  • Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

Substances

  • Deoxycytidine
  • gemcitabine
  • Cisplatin