TRAIL, the ligand for the newly discovered DR-4 and DR-5 receptor is a member of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family of death signal tranduction proteins with a mechanism of cell death, similar to the Fas and Fas ligand (Fas-L) system. Here, we provide first time evidence that TRAIL and TNF-alpha are potent inducers of apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines and freshly isolated myeloma cells. TRAIL effectively induced extensive apoptosis in 8226 and ARP-1 MM cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner reaching 80% within 48 h of treatment with a dose of 160 ng/ml. Bcl-2 transfected 8226 and ARP-1 cells were equally sensitive to apoptosis by TRAIL. Apoptosis with TNFalpha, reached >60% within 48 h of treatment with a dose of 160 ng/ml. In addition to MM cell lines, freshly isolated, flow-sorted myeloma cells from 8 different MM patients expressing variable levels of bcl-2 were equally sensitive to both TRAIL and TNF-alpha. We have previously shown that anti-Fas-induced apoptosis is not blocked by endogenous or ectopic bcl-2 in MM cell lines. Here we extend our observation with Fas to include TNF-alpha and TRAIL to the apoptotic signals that are not be blocked by bcl-2, in MM cells.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.