Salmonella infections continue to cause gastrointestinal and systemic disease throughout the world. Salmonella typhimurium further poses a major health concern due to its apparent enhanced ability to acquire multiple antibiotic resistance genes. Currently it is unclear if multiresistant S. typhimurium are more or less pathogenic than non-resistant counterparts. Using an in vitro invasion assay, we evaluated the relative pathogenicity of over 400 multiresistant S. typhimurium isolates. Our studies failed to identify any <<<<hyperinvasive>>>> isolates. However, we identified 12 isolates exhibiting invasive phenotypes that were constrained relative to controls. These <<<<hypoinvasive>>>> strains were found in a variety of phagetypes all possessing at least a hexaresistant profile. Further studies revealed that the alterations in invasion were not due to changes in adherence. Limited studies exploring in vivo virulence revealed a mildly decreased ability to cause murine lethality for the hypoinvasive strain examined. These results indicate that the ability to cause disease is not increased but is rather mildly attenuated for certain isolates of multiresistant S. typhimurium.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.