Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is involved in regulation of the calcium level in blood and has an influence on bone metabolism, thus playing a role in osteoporosis therapy. In this study, the structures of the human PTH fragments (1-34) and (1-39) as well as bovine PTH(1-37) in aqueous buffer solution under near physiological conditions were determined using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The overall structure of the first 34 amino acids of these three peptides is virtually identical, exhibiting a short NH(2)-terminal and a longer COOH-terminal helix as well as a defined loop region from His14 to Ser17, stabilized by hydrophobic interactions. bPTH(1-37), which has a higher biological activity, shows a better-defined NH(2)-terminal part. In contrast to NH(2)-terminal truncations, which cause destabilization of helical structure, neither COOH-terminal truncation nor elongation significantly influences the secondary structure. Furthermore, we investigated the structure of hPTH(1-34) in 20% trifluoroethanol solution. In addition to its helix-stabilizing effect, trifluorethanol causes the loss of tertiary hydrophobic interactions.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.