The cytoplasmic tyrosine motifs in full-length glycoprotein 130 have different roles in IL-6 signal transduction

J Immunol. 2000 Jan 15;164(2):848-54. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.164.2.848.


The function of the signal-transducing receptor subunit glycoprotein 130 (gp130) in the IL-6-receptor complex has previously been studied using carboxyl-terminal deletion mutants or a truncated molecule of approximately 60 membrane-proximal amino acids (containing box 1 and box 2) linked to the individual gp130 tyrosine motifs. However, the redundancy of the tyrosine motifs within the cytoplasmic part of gp130 has been neglected. Here we describe the analysis of the function of the individual cytoplasmic tyrosine residues of gp130 in the context of the full-length receptor protein in IL-6 signaling as measured by STAT activation, acute phase protein induction, and stimulation of proliferation. Add-back receptor mutants containing only one cytoplasmic tyrosine have been generated and tested for their efficiency in IL-6 signal transduction. Our studies revealed that tyrosine motifs which have been described to recruit STAT proteins are not equivalent with respect to their potential to activate STAT factors and acute phase protein gene promoters: the two distal tyrosines, Tyr905 and Tyr915, of gp130 were more potent than Tyr767 and Tyr814. Surprisingly, Tyr905 and Tyr915 mediate acute phase protein gene promoter activation stronger than the wild-type receptor containing all six cytoplasmic tyrosine residues. In contrast, Ba/F3 cells stably transfected with add-back receptors containing Tyr767 or Tyr905 were more sensitive to IL-6-induced proliferation than cells expressing the other add-back receptor mutants. Thus, the tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic part of gp130 were found to contribute differentially to IL-6 signal transduction in the full- length gp130 protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs / immunology
  • Antigens, CD / chemistry
  • Antigens, CD / genetics
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism
  • Antigens, CD / physiology*
  • Cell Division / immunology
  • Cell Membrane / chemistry
  • Cell Membrane / physiology
  • Cytokine Receptor gp130
  • Cytoplasm / physiology*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genetic Vectors / biosynthesis
  • Genetic Vectors / chemical synthesis
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-6 / physiology*
  • Kinetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / physiology*
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / genetics
  • Peptide Fragments / physiology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemical synthesis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction / immunology*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Tyrosine / chemistry
  • Tyrosine / genetics
  • Tyrosine / physiology*


  • Antigens, CD
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • IL6ST protein, human
  • Interleukin-6
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Cytokine Receptor gp130
  • Tyrosine