Anecdotal information suggests that, for Hispanic women who are involved with abusive partners, condom use request as an HIV/AIDS sexual risk-reduction behavior may expose the women to risk of both abuse and HIV/AIDS. A qualitative study explored barriers to condom negotiation for HIV/AIDS prevention among Mexican and Mexican American women in abusive relationships. A convenience sample of 14 Mexican and Mexican American women was recruited from a battered women's shelter. A demographic form, a domestic violence assessment form, and audiotaped responses to a semistructured interview guide were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample. Audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim and submitted to content analysis, which revealed past and present themes of physical, psychological, and sexual abuse of Mexican and Mexican American women who requested condom use by their male sexual partners. Also identified by content analysis was the influence of men's power on women's public, private, and sexual interactions.