A rare case of spontaneous spondylodiscitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae in a 55-year-old man who presented with thoracolumbar pain is described. Increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein level were pertinent laboratory findings. Computed tomography revealed a paravertebral mass and destruction of the 10th and 11th vertebrae. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed spondylodiscitis in the same area. Culture of a biopsy sample from the mass grew Klebsiella pneumoniae, while histological examination confirmed the inflammation. A combination of ceftazidime, amikacin and ciprofloxacin resulted in disappearance of the pain. Two months later, MRI showed substantial improvement of the lesions.