Use of the paraffin wax baiting system for identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 Nov;35(3):177-83. doi: 10.1016/s0732-8893(99)00075-9.

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the primary pathogen among the Pseudomonads and is known for its minimal nutritional requirements, capacity to use paraffin as a sole carbon source, and biofilm formation. Because the ability of Pseudomonads to grow on paraffin is not commonly found among human pathogens and the primary Pseudomonas human pathogen is P. aeruginosa, we studied the adaptation of the paraffin baiting system for the growth and identification of clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa. We also studied the effectiveness of combining a fluorescence assay measuring fluorescein (pyoverdin) production and oxidase test with the paraffin baiting assay for P. aeruginosa speciation. Strains were tested for the capacity to use paraffin as a sole carbon source using the paraffin baiting system with Czapek's minimal salt medium. Of 111 P. aeruginosa clinical isolates tested for using paraffin as a sole carbon source, 45% exhibited growth on paraffin at 24 h and 76.6% exhibited growth on paraffin at 48 h. The ability of the reference strains and clinical isolates were then tested for their ability to associate with the paraffin slide in the presence of an additional carbon source. Of 111 P. aeruginosa clinical isolates tested, 85 strains (76.6%), and 102 (93%) were associated with the paraffin surface at 24 and 48 h. We successfully combined fluorescence and oxidase assays with the paraffin baiting system for identification of P. aeruginosa. The simple and inexpensive paraffin baiting system is a useful method for the identification and study of P. aeruginosa suitable for both the clinical and research laboratory.

MeSH terms

  • Biofilms / growth & development
  • Culture Media
  • Electron Transport Complex IV / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Oligopeptides*
  • Paraffin / metabolism*
  • Pigments, Biological / biosynthesis
  • Pseudomonas Infections / microbiology*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / classification*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / growth & development*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / isolation & purification

Substances

  • Culture Media
  • Oligopeptides
  • Pigments, Biological
  • Paraffin
  • pyoverdin
  • Electron Transport Complex IV