Esophageal hemangioma: a case report and review of the literature

Hepatogastroenterology. 1999 Nov-Dec;46(30):3148-54.


The patient, a 60-year-old man, was diagnosed as having a protruding lesion in the upper thoracic esophagus on a routine endoscopic examination. Endoscopy showed a polyp with a pedicle in the upper esophagus. A biopsy indicated the presence of hemangioma. Since endoscopic ultrasonography showed the tumor to be located within the mucosa and submucosa, we chose an endoscopic resection as the most appropriate treatment for the esophageal hemangioma. After endoscopic resection, the patient has remained free of any symptoms or recurrence. Although an esophageal hemangioma is a benign tumor, a risk of severe hemorrhaging does exist. We conclude that the first choice of the treatment for esophageal hemangioma should thus be an endoscopic resection if the tumor is located within the mucosal or submucosal layer. However, if it is impossible to resect endoscopically, then either endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) or a surgical resection should be considered.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Endosonography
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Esophagoscopy
  • Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis*
  • Hemangioma, Cavernous / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Mucosa / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged