Anti-IL-12 antibody prevents the development and progression of multiple sclerosis-like relapsing--remitting demyelinating disease in NOD mice induced with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide

J Neuroimmunol. 2000 Jan 3;102(1):56-66. doi: 10.1016/s0165-5728(99)00153-8.


Treatment with monoclonal anti-IL-12 antibody injected on day 0, 7 and 10 after immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) peptide 35-55 in NOD mice resulted in significant suppression of the development and the severity of the chronic relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) both clinically and histologically. The spleen cells from anti-IL-12 antibody treated mice displayed markedly inhibited MOG35-55 specific proliferation and IFN-gamma production. MOG35-55 specific antibody production was enhanced by anti-IL-12 antibody treatment. These results suggest that IL-12 is critically involved in the pathogenesis of MOG-induced EAE and that antibody to IL-12 could be an effective therapeutic agent in the clinical treatment of autoimmune demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology*
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis
  • Demyelinating Diseases / immunology
  • Demyelinating Diseases / pathology
  • Demyelinating Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Demyelinating Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Immunization
  • Interleukin-12 / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting / pathology
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting / physiopathology*
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting / prevention & control*
  • Myelin Proteins
  • Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein / immunology
  • Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein
  • Peptide Fragments / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / pathology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Cytokines
  • Mog protein, mouse
  • Myelin Proteins
  • Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein
  • Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Interleukin-12