Barrier function of porcine choroid plexus epithelial cells is modulated by cAMP-dependent pathways in vitro

Brain Res. 2000 Jan 17;853(1):115-24. doi: 10.1016/s0006-8993(99)02317-3.


In the present paper, we demonstrate that the barrier properties of primary cultured epithelial cells isolated from porcine choroid plexus are regulated by cAMP-dependent signal transduction pathways in vitro. Triggering cAMP-connected cascades in cell layers grown on permeable filters with cAMP-analogues or forskolin led to a significant increase of transepithelial electrical resistances and a pronounced reduction in the permeation rate of a 4 kDa-dextran probe. In dose-response experiments using the cAMP-analogue 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-cAMP transepithelial electrical resistances were observed to increase above a threshold concentration ranging between 10(-5.5) and 10(-5) M. Additional impedance studies performed with confluent cell layers grown on gold-film electrodes revealed that the observed changes in transepithelial resistances and presumably also in macromolecular permeation rates were not entirely caused by a reinforcement of intercellular junctions but also contained contributions from changes in the cell-substrate adhesion pattern. These inherent contributions to the electrical resistance and macromolecular permeability are caused by a restricted diffusion pathway between basal plasma membrane and culture substrate that have to be considered in data analysis, especially when leaky cell layers on filter substrates with low pore densities are used.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood-Brain Barrier / drug effects
  • Blood-Brain Barrier / physiology
  • Cell Membrane Permeability / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Choroid Plexus / cytology
  • Choroid Plexus / drug effects
  • Choroid Plexus / metabolism*
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / analogs & derivatives
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism*
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electric Impedance
  • Electrodes
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Gold
  • Models, Biological
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Swine
  • Thionucleotides / pharmacology


  • Thionucleotides
  • Colforsin
  • 8-((4-chlorophenyl)thio)cyclic-3',5'-AMP
  • Gold
  • Cyclic AMP