Effects of muscle relaxants on EEG, ABR and EMG in rabbits

Hum Exp Toxicol. 1999 Dec;18(12):718-23. doi: 10.1191/096032799678839635.


The effects of baclofen and pancuronium bromide on evoked electromyogram (EMG), cortical electroencephalogram (EEG) and auditory brainstem responses (ABR) were studied in pentobarbital anesthetized normal rabbits. Evoked EMG was measured in the gastrocnemius muscle by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve. Intravenous injection of baclofen decreased EEG and arterial blood pressure and light reflex, however, it had no significant influence on EMG or ABR at doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg/h. Pancuronium bromide immediately inhibited respiration, decreased EEG and EMG, however, it had no significant influence on arterial blood pressure, ABR, or light reflex, at doses of 0.4 and 1.0 mg/kg/h in anesthetized rabbits. ABR waves were observed until just before cardiac arrest with both of the muscle relaxants. It is suggested that ABR are not influenced by central or peripheral muscle relaxants, or by pentobarbital.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Anesthesia
  • Animals
  • Baclofen / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Electroencephalography / drug effects*
  • Electromyography / drug effects
  • Evoked Potentials / drug effects
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Muscle Relaxants, Central / pharmacology*
  • Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents / pharmacology*
  • Pancuronium / pharmacology*
  • Pentobarbital / blood
  • Pentobarbital / pharmacokinetics
  • Rabbits
  • Reaction Time / drug effects


  • Muscle Relaxants, Central
  • Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents
  • Baclofen
  • Pentobarbital
  • Pancuronium