A systematic review of arthrosis of finger joints in relation to occupational exposure revealed 11 epidemiological studies and 13 case reports. All studies but one were cross-sectional rendering demonstration of causation problematic. The reviewed literature also had drawbacks relating to exposure classification, confounding and non-attendance. Four studies showed an association between extensive use of precision grip and development of arthrosis of the distal interphalangeal joints of fingers. Two studies found an association between forceful gripping and the occurrence of arthrosis involving the metacarpophalangeal joints. Arthrosis of the proximal interphalangeal joints and first carpo-metacarpal joints was not related to any specific occupational task. Well-designed studies are needed to further elucidate this possible occupational hazard.