Automated model-based tissue classification of MR images of the brain

IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 1999 Oct;18(10):897-908. doi: 10.1109/42.811270.


We describe a fully automated method for model-based tissue classification of magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain. The method interleaves classification with estimation of the model parameters, improving the classification at each iteration. The algorithm is able to segment single- and multispectral MR images, corrects for MR signal inhomogeneities, and incorporates contextual information by means of Markov random Fields (MRF's). A digital brain atlas containing prior expectations about the spatial location of tissue classes is used to initialize the algorithm. This makes the method fully automated and therefore it provides objective and reproducible segmentations. We have validated the technique on simulated as well as on real MR images of the brain.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Bias
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / classification*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / statistics & numerical data
  • Markov Chains
  • Models, Neurological*
  • Reproducibility of Results