Serum itraconazole concentrations and clinical responses in Candida-associated denture stomatitis patients treated with itraconazole solution and itraconazole capsules

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2000 Jan;45(1):95-9. doi: 10.1093/jac/45.1.95.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the concentrations of itraconazole in serum and saliva after treatment with itraconazole cyclodextrin solution or itraconazole capsules in Candida-associated denture stomatitis patients without evidence of immunodeficiency. Forty patients were randomly assigned to receive either itraconazole cyclodextrin solution or itraconazole capsules, both at a dosage of 100 mg bd for 15 days. On completion of treatment palatal erythema was assessed and an oral rinse and imprint cultures were collected. Serum and saliva samples were collected at the same time and itraconazole concentrations measured using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Itraconazole susceptibilities of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata strains isolated at baseline were measured by a broth microdilution method. Serum itraconazole concentrations achieved did not differ significantly between the two preparations (P = 0.39) although a significantly higher number of patients in the itraconazole cyclodextrin group (P < 0.001) had detectable levels of itraconazole in their saliva compared with the capsule group. Mycologically cured patients had slightly, though not significantly (P = 0.28), higher serum itraconazole concentrations than those from whom yeasts were not eradicated. It was concluded that both formulations of itraconazole were equally effective in treatment of denture stomatitis. Among immunocompetent patients, the absorption of the liquid preparation is no greater than that of the capsules. Therapeutic success in this group was achieved with lower serum itraconazole concentrations than have been reported for immunocompromised groups.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Antifungal Agents / blood*
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Candida / drug effects
  • Candida / metabolism
  • Candidiasis / blood
  • Candidiasis / drug therapy*
  • Candidiasis / metabolism
  • Candidiasis / microbiology
  • Capsules
  • Dosage Forms
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Itraconazole / administration & dosage*
  • Itraconazole / blood*
  • Itraconazole / pharmacokinetics
  • Itraconazole / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Middle Aged
  • Saliva / metabolism
  • Solutions
  • Stomatitis, Denture / blood
  • Stomatitis, Denture / drug therapy*
  • Stomatitis, Denture / metabolism
  • Stomatitis, Denture / microbiology

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Capsules
  • Dosage Forms
  • Solutions
  • Itraconazole