Antimycobacterial ergosterol-5,8-endoperoxide from Ajuga remota

Planta Med. 1999 Dec;65(8):732-4. doi: 10.1055/s-1999-14053.


In a bioassay-guided search for antimycobacterial natural products from higher plants, we have chemically investigated the methanol extract of aerial parts of Ajuga remota Benth. (Labiatae) for its active constituent(s). Bioactive chromatographic fractions of the crude extract provided the known triterpene ergosterol-5,8-endoperoxide plus the diterpenes clerodin, ajugarin-I, and ajugarin-II, which had been previously isolated from A. remota. This is the first report on the isolation of ergosterol-5,8-endoperoxide from this plant. The above compounds were tested in a radiorespirometric bioassay for activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Ergosterol-5,8-endoperoxide showed a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1 microgram/ml, while ergosterol-5,8-endoperoxide acetate, ergosterol, and ergosta-5,7,9(11),22-tetraen-3 beta-ol gave MICs of 8 micrograms/ml, > 128 micrograms/ml, and 128 micrograms/ml, respectively. Clerodin, ajugarin-I, and ajugarin-II were inactive with MICs of > 128 micrograms/ml.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antitubercular Agents / chemistry
  • Antitubercular Agents / isolation & purification
  • Antitubercular Agents / pharmacology*
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Ergosterol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Ergosterol / chemistry
  • Ergosterol / isolation & purification
  • Ergosterol / pharmacology
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Molecular Structure
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / drug effects*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plants / chemistry*


  • Antitubercular Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • ergosterol-5,8-peroxide
  • Ergosterol