Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Clinical Trial
, 29 (5), 693-700

A Comparison of the Plasma Disappearance of Iohexol and 99mTc-DTPA for the Measurement of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in Diabetes

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

A Comparison of the Plasma Disappearance of Iohexol and 99mTc-DTPA for the Measurement of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) in Diabetes

C Houlihan et al. Aust N Z J Med.

Abstract

Background: Changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) provide a valuable indicator of the progression of diabetic nephropathy. GFR is most commonly measured by the plasma clearance of radioisotopes, however, use of iohexol, a non-ionic radiocontrast medium, is a recently described alternative and has shown good agreement with inulin clearance. A one-compartment model is used for calculating GFR in most Australian centres but a two-compartment model is more accurate.

Aims: To set up a non-radioisotopic method for assessment of GFR using iohexol, and to compare this with the currently used 99mTc-diethylene-triamine-penta-acetic acid (DTPA) method. Secondly, to compare GFR results using an unmodified one-compartment model with a one-compartment model subjected to the Brochner-Mortensen modification.

Methods: Twenty-one patients with diabetes had assessment of GFR with simultaneous measurements of 99mTc-DTPA and iohexol plasma clearance. Plasma clearance was determined by the slope intercept method and then modified according to the Brochner-Mortensen equation. Plasma iohexol concentrations were determined by capillary electrophoresis.

Results: There was no significant difference between iohexol and 99mTc-DTPA derived GFR values, difference 4.3+/-7.7 mL/minute (mean+/-SD). This was despite 99mTc-DTPA protein binding demonstrated in the range of 5-10%. Comparison of GFR results using an unmodified one-compartment model with a Brochner-Mortensen corrected one-compartment model showed higher GFR values with the former, in the range of 20-30% for GFR values > 100 mL/minute.

Conclusion: Iohexol provides an efficient alternative to radioisotopic methods for serial measurement of GFR in diabetic patients with hyperfiltration, incipient and overt nephropathy. A one-compartment model with its inherent overestimation of GFR should be replaced by the Brochner-Mortensen modified one-compartment model.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback