Effects of drugs on glucose measurements with handheld glucose meters and a portable glucose analyzer

Am J Clin Pathol. 2000 Jan;113(1):75-86. doi: 10.1309/QAW1-X5XW-BVRQ-5LKQ.


Thirty drugs used primarily in critical care and hospital settings were tested in vitro to observe interference on glucose measurements with 6 hand-held glucose meters and a portable glucose analyzer. Paired differences of glucose measurements between drug-spiked samples and unspiked control samples were calculated to determine bias. A criterion of +/- 6 mg/dL was used as the cutoff for interference. Ascorbic acid interfered with the measurements on all glucose devices evaluated. Acetaminophen, dopamine, and mannitol interfered with glucose measurements on some devices. Dose-response relationships help assessment of drug interference in clinical use. High dosages of these drugs may be given to critically ill patients or self-administered by patients without medical supervision. Package inserts for the glucose devices may not provide adequate warning information. Hence, we recommend that clinicians choose glucose devices carefully and interpret results cautiously when glucose measurements are performed during or after drug interventions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects*
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring / instrumentation
  • Critical Illness
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Interactions
  • False Negative Reactions
  • Humans
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / instrumentation
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / standards*
  • Pharmacology*
  • Point-of-Care Systems
  • Predictive Value of Tests


  • Blood Glucose