Expression of Flt3-ligand by the endothelial cell

Leukemia. 2000 Jan;14(1):153-62. doi: 10.1038/sj.leu.2401635.


Flt3-ligand (FL) is a cytokine that is of paramount importance in the proliferation of primitive hematopoietic progenitors. In this study, we show that endothelial cells (EC) produce large amounts of soluble FL and express a membrane-bound form of the molecule. Bone marrow microvascular EC also produce FL, suggesting that EC are an important source of FL in the bone marrow. High concentrations of FL in EC supernatants contrast with its undetectable levels in long-term bone marrow cultures. A single mRNA for FL is detected, suggesting that soluble FL derives from the membrane-bound species by proteolytic release. FL mRNA is stable with a half-life of about 3 h. II-1alpha increases FL mRNA levels and membrane and soluble FL expression. Glucocorticoids, known inhibitors for many hematopoietic growth factors do not down-regulate the expression of FL. On the contrary, GC increase the expression of both species of FL. The neutralization of FL in cocultures EC/ hematopoietic progenitors results in an acceleration of the maturation of the progenitors. IFN-alpha, MIP-1 alpha and TGF-beta stimulate production of membrane-bound and soluble FL. This stimulation is essential to explain their modulatory effect on the generation of clonogenic cells in cocultures EC/hematopoietic progenitors. Leukemia (2000) 14, 153-162.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Bone Marrow Cells / cytology
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Coculture Techniques
  • Cytokines / pharmacology
  • DNA Primers
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism*
  • Glucocorticoids / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Cytokines
  • DNA Primers
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Membrane Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • flt3 ligand protein