Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the long term effects of pyloromyotomy for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) on gastric emptying and pyloric motility.
Methods: Concurrent measurements of gastric emptying and antropyloroduodenal pressures were performed in six volunteers (aged 24-26 yr) who had had pyloromyotomy performed in infancy because of IHPS, and in six normal subjects. Subjects were studied on 2 days, once sitting and once in the left lateral position. Gastric emptying of 300 ml 25% dextrose labeled with 20 MBq 99mTc sulfur colloid was measured. Antropyloroduodenal motility was evaluated with a sleeve/multiple sidehole manometric assembly, which was also used to deliver an intraduodenal triglyceride infusion at 1.1 kcal/min for 60 min, starting 30 min after ingestion of the dextrose.
Results: In both body positions, gastric emptying and intragastric distribution of the drink did not differ between the two groups. In both groups and postures, the amount emptied was less during intraduodenal lipid infusion. The number (p<0.01) and amplitude (p<0.02) of isolated pyloric pressure waves (IPPWs) was greater in the control subjects, whereas basal pyloric pressure was greater in the pyloromyotomy subjects (p<0.02). In both groups, the rate of gastric emptying in the sitting position was related to the number of IPPWs (r> or =0.40, p<0.05), but not to basal pyloric pressure.
Conclusions: These results indicate that, in adults who have had pyloromyotomy for IHPS in infancy, patterns of pyloric motility are abnormal; pyloric tone is higher, whereas the number and amplitude of phasic pyloric pressure waves are less. In contrast, the overall rate of gastric emptying of a nutrient liquid meal is normal. These observations are consistent with the concept that the stomach has the capacity to compensate for changes in pyloric motility to minimize effects on gastric emptying.