Phosphoglycerate mutase, 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase, creatine kinase and enolase activity and isoenzymes in breast carcinoma

Br J Cancer. 2000 Jan;82(1):20-7. doi: 10.1054/bjoc.1999.0871.


We have compared the levels of phosphoglycerate mutase (EC, 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase (EC, creatine kinase (EC and enolase (EC activities and the distribution of their isoenzymes in normal breast tissue and in breast carcinoma. Tumour tissue had higher phosphoglycerate mutase and enolase activity than normal tissue. Creatine kinase activity was higher in seven out of 12 tumours. In contrast 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase activity was lower. Phosphoglycerate mutase, enolase and 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase presented greater changes in the oestrogen receptor-negative/progesterone receptor-negative breast carcinomas than in the steroid receptor-positive tumours. Determined by electrophoresis, type BB phosphoglycerate mutase, type BB creatine kinase and alpha alpha-enolase were the major isoenzymes detected in normal breast tissue. Types alpha gamma and gamma gamma enolase, types MB and MM phosphoglycerate mutase were detected in much lower proportions. In tumours a decrease of phosphoglycerate mutase isoenzymes possessing M-type subunit and some increase of enolase isoenzymes possessing gamma-type subunit was observed. No detectable change was observed in the creatine kinase phenotype.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Creatine Kinase / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphoglycerate Mutase / metabolism*
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / metabolism*
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism
  • Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism


  • Isoenzymes
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Receptors, Estrogen
  • Receptors, Progesterone
  • bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
  • Phosphoglycerate Mutase