Arginine nutrition in development, health and disease

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2000 Jan;3(1):59-66. doi: 10.1097/00075197-200001000-00010.


As a precursor of nitric oxide, polyamines and other molecules with enormous biologic importance, L-arginine plays versatile key roles in nutrition and metabolism. Arginine is an essential amino acid in the fetus and neonate, and is conditionally an essential nutrient for adults, particularly in certain disease conditions. L-Arginine administration is beneficial in improving reproductive, cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal, liver and immune functions, and in facilitating wound healing. The effect of L-arginine in treating many common health problems is unique among amino acids, and offers great promise for improved health and well-being in the future.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arginine / administration & dosage
  • Arginine / physiology*
  • Disease*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development
  • Growth / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn / growth & development
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*


  • Arginine