Production of live calves derived from embryonic stem-like cells aggregated with tetraploid embryos

Biol Reprod. 2000 Feb;62(2):470-5. doi: 10.1095/biolreprod62.2.470.


To date, cloned farm animals have been produced by nuclear transfer from embryonic, fetal, and adult cell types. However, mice completely derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells have been produced by aggregation with tetraploid embryos. The objective of the present study was to generate offspring completely derived from bovine ES-like cells. ES-like cells isolated from the inner cell mass of in vitro-produced embryos were aggregated with tetraploid bovine embryos generated by electrofusion at the 2-cell stage. A total of 77 embryo aggregates produced by coculture of two 8-cell-stage tetraploid embryos and a clump of ES-like cells were cultured in vitro. Twenty-eight of the aggregates developed to the blastocyst stage, and 12 of these were transferred to recipient cows. Six calves representing 2 singletons and 2 sets of twins were produced from the transfer of the chimeric embryos. Microsatellite analysis for the 6 calves demonstrated that one calf was chimeric in the hair roots and the another was chimeric in the liver. However, unfortunately, both of these calves died shortly after birth. Two of the placentae from the remaining pregnancies were also chimeric. These results indicate that the bovine ES-like cells used in these studies were able to contribute to development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cell Aggregation / physiology
  • Chromosomes / ultrastructure
  • DNA / chemistry
  • Embryo Transfer
  • Embryo, Mammalian / physiology*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology*
  • Genome
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Lymphocytes / ultrastructure
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Placenta / chemistry
  • Stem Cells / physiology*


  • DNA