Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome: clinical description and triggering factors in 8 patients

J Rheumatol. 2000 Jan;27(1):238-40.


In 1992, an attempt to single out a different and important group of patients was adopted by introducing the term "catastrophic" antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) to describe their potentially life threatening clinical course, characterized by acute multiorgan failure (3 or more organ systems damaged). Patients previously described in the literature showed certain differences that appear to distinguish this minority group of patients with catastrophic APS from the majority of APS patients. We describe 8 patients with catastrophic APS, focusing especially on the possible extrinsic factors (mainly infections) that might trigger this "catastrophic" situation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged