AIDS as a zoonosis: scientific and public health implications

Science. 2000 Jan 28;287(5453):607-14. doi: 10.1126/science.287.5453.607.


Evidence of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection has been reported for 26 different species of African nonhuman primates. Two of these viruses, SIVcpz from chimpanzees and SIVsm from sooty mangabeys, are the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans. Together, they have been transmitted to humans on at least seven occasions. The implications of human infection by a diverse set of SIVs and of exposure to a plethora of additional human immunodeficiency virus-related viruses are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / transmission*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / virology
  • Africa, Western / epidemiology
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Disease Reservoirs
  • HIV-1* / genetics
  • HIV-2* / genetics
  • Haplorhini / virology*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Public Health
  • Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / virology
  • Simian Immunodeficiency Virus / classification
  • Simian Immunodeficiency Virus / genetics
  • Simian Immunodeficiency Virus / physiology*
  • Species Specificity
  • Zoonoses / transmission*