Loss of heterozygosity for chromosome 22 (LOH 22) occurs in gliomas of all malignancy grades. Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients are at increased risk of developing a glioma. However, the NF2 gene in 22q12.2 is not involved in glioma tumorigenesis. To detect additional regions on chromosome 22 that may harbor tumor suppressor genes important in glioma tumorigenesis, we determined LOH 22 profiles for 159 gliomas using 32 markers. LOH 22 was found in 46 tumors (29%). Thirteen tumors displayed partial LOH 22, from which we deduced a region of common deletion between markers D22S928 and D22S1169 in 22q13.3. LOH of at least this region was detected in 13% of the astrocytomas (As), in 20% of the anaplastic astrocytomas (AAs) and in 35% of the glioblastomas multiforme (GBMs). The significant increased frequency of LOH 22q13.3 in the highest malignancy grade (GBM vs. A and AA, p = 0.02) indicates that loss of this region is associated with astrocytoma progression.