Prevention and management of pain and stress in the neonate. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Fetus and Newborn. Committee on Drugs. Section on Anesthesiology. Section on Surgery. Canadian Paediatric Society. Fetus and Newborn Committee

Pediatrics. 2000 Feb;105(2):454-61.


This statement is intended for health care professionals caring for neonates (preterm to 1 month of age). The objectives of this statement are to: 1. Increase awareness that neonates experience pain; 2. Provide a physiological basis for neonatal pain and stress assessment and management by health care professionals; 3. Make recommendations for reduced exposure of the neonate to noxious stimuli and to minimize associated adverse outcomes; and 4. Recommend effective and safe interventions that relieve pain and stress.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia
  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn*
  • Pain / prevention & control*
  • Pain Management
  • Pain Measurement
  • Stress, Physiological / prevention & control*
  • Stress, Physiological / therapy