Biosynthesis of terpenoids: YchB protein of Escherichia coli phosphorylates the 2-hydroxy group of 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Feb 1;97(3):1062-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.97.3.1062.

Abstract

A comparative analysis of all published complete genomes indicated that the putative orthologs of the unannotated ychB gene of Escherichia coli follow the distribution of the dxs, dxr, and ygbP genes, which have been shown to specify enzymes of the deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway of terpenoid biosynthesis, thus suggesting that the hypothetical YchB protein also is involved in that pathway. To test this hypothesis, the E. coli ychB gene was expressed in a homologous host. The recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity and was shown to phosphorylate 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol in an ATP-dependent reaction. The reaction product was identified as 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol 2-phosphate by NMR experiments with various (13)C-labeled substrate samples. A (14)C-labeled specimen of this compound was converted efficiently into carotenoids by isolated chromoplasts of Capsicum annuum. The sequence of E. coli YchB protein is similar to that of the protein predicted by the tomato cDNA pTOM41 (30% identity), which had been implicated in the conversion of chloroplasts to chromoplasts.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Capsicum / metabolism
  • Erythritol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Erythritol / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli Proteins*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism*
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants, Medicinal
  • Plastids / metabolism
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphates / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Xylulose / analogs & derivatives
  • Xylulose / metabolism

Substances

  • 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methylerythritol
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphates
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Xylulose
  • 1-deoxy-2-pentulose
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • IspE protein, E coli
  • Erythritol