Ceramic-based multisite microelectrodes for electrochemical recordings

Anal Chem. 2000 Jan 1;72(1):187-92. doi: 10.1021/ac9907991.


This paper describes the development and characterization of ceramic-based multisite arrays for electrochemical recordings in biological systems. These electrodes represent a parallel technology to the design of microelectrodes using silicon substrates. The ceramic substrates are stronger than silicon and are nonconducting, which makes them better suited for in vivo electrochemical measurements. The current designs are based on formation of four-site (50 x 50 microns with 200 microns spacing) electrodes on ceramic wafers using photolithography. The recording sites and connecting lines are made of Pt with a polyimide coating to insulate the connecting lines. The resulting electrodes are cut from the wafers producing a 1 cm length microelectrode that tapers to a approximately 2-5 microns tip. Electrochemical measures of dopamine and hydrogen peroxide support that the sensitivity, selectivity, and response characteristics of the electrodes exceed those of previously published silicon substrate-based microelectrodes. This is the first demonstration of microarrays formed from ceramic substrates, and the data presented support the hypothesis that these microelectrodes may be useful for a variety of neurochemical and electrophysiological applications. Preliminary in vivo electrochemical recordings are presented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ceramics*
  • Electrochemistry / methods
  • Male
  • Microelectrodes*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344