Point-of-care glucose testing: effects of critical care variables, influence of reference instruments, and a modular glucose meter design

Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2000 Feb;124(2):257-66. doi: 10.1043/0003-9985(2000)124<0257:POCGT>2.0.CO;2.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the clinical performance of glucose meter systems when used with critically ill patients.

Design: Two glucose meter systems (SureStepPro and Precision G) and a modular adaptation (Immediate Response Mobile Analysis-SureStepPro) were assessed clinically using arterial samples from critically ill patients. A biosensor-based analyzer (YSI 2700) and a hospital chemistry analyzer (Synchron CX-7) were the primary and secondary reference instruments, respectively.

Patients and setting: Two hundred forty-seven critical care patients at the University of California, Davis, Medical Center participated in this study.

Outcome measures: Error tolerances of +/-15 mg/dL for glucose levels </=100 mg/dL and +/-15% for glucose levels >100 mg/dL were used to evaluate glucose meter performance; 95% of glucose meter measurements should fall within these tolerances.

Results: Compared to the primary reference method, 98% to 100% of SureStepPro and 91% to 95% of Precision G measurements fell within the error tolerances. Paired differences of glucose measurements versus critical care variables (Po(2), pH, Pco(2), and hematocrit) were analyzed to determine the effects of these variables on meter measurements. Po(2) and Pco(2) decreased Precision G and SureStepPro measurements, respectively, but not enough to be clinically significant based on the error tolerance criteria. Hematocrit levels affected glucose measurements on both meter systems. Modular adaptation did not affect test strip performance.

Conclusions: Glucose meter measurements correlated best with primary reference instrument measurements. Overall, both glucose meter systems showed acceptable performance for point-of-care testing. However, the effects of some critical care variables, especially low and high hematocrit values, could cause overestimated or underestimated glucose measurements.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring / instrumentation*
  • Carbon Dioxide / blood
  • Critical Care / methods*
  • Equipment Design
  • Hematocrit
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Oxygen / blood
  • Point-of-Care Systems*
  • Reagent Strips
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Reagent Strips
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Oxygen