Filamin, also called actin binding protein-280, is a dimeric protein that cross-links actin filaments in the cortical cytoplasm. In addition to this ubiquitously expressed isoform (FLN1), a second isoform (ABP-L/gamma-filamin) was recently identified that is highly expressed in mammalian striated muscles. A monoclonal antibody was developed, that enabled us to identify filamin as a Z-disc protein in mammalian striated muscles by immunocytochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy. In addition, filamin was identified as a component of intercalated discs in mammalian cardiac muscle and of myotendinous junctions in skeletal muscle. Northern and Western blots showed that both, ABP-L/gamma-filamin mRNA and protein, are absent from proliferating cultured human skeletal muscle cells. This muscle specific filamin isoform is, however, up-regulated immediately after the induction of differentiation. In cultured myotubes, ABP-L/gamma-filamin localises in Z-discs already at the first stages of Z-disc formation, suggesting that ABP-L/gamma-filamin might play a role in Z-disc assembly.
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.