Bronchial anthracofibrosis (inflammatory bronchial stenosis with anthracotic pigmentation): CT findings

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Feb;174(2):523-7. doi: 10.2214/ajr.174.2.1740523.


Objective: The aim of this study was to describe CT findings of patients with bronchial anthracofibrosis.

Conclusion: Atelectasis caused by smooth bronchial narrowing, surrounded by calcified or noncalcified lymph nodes, in elderly and nonsmoking women is a typical finding of anthracofibrosis. Calcified lymph nodes adjacent to the involved bronchi and multifocal involvement of bronchial narrowing may be helpful in differentiating this condition from lung cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bronchitis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Bronchitis / etiology
  • Coal*
  • Constriction, Pathologic / diagnostic imaging
  • Constriction, Pathologic / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumoconiosis / complications
  • Pneumoconiosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*


  • Coal