FDG-PET analysis and findings in amnesia resulting from hypoxia

Memory. 1999 Sep-Nov;7(5-6):599-612. doi: 10.1080/096582199387779.

Abstract

The assumptions underlying neuroimaging, and problems in its analysis and interpretation, are commonly underestimated in neuropsychology. The ways in which fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) data can be analysed are discussed. PET findings from four patients who had suffered severe amnesia, following episodes of acute hypoxia, are presented. These patients had shown evidence of medial temporal (hippocampal and parahippocampal) atrophy on MRI brain scans. The PET data were analysed in several different ways. The converging findings were that the patients showed bilateral thalamic hypometabolism, and there was also evidence of retrosplenial hypometabolism bilaterally. Cognitively, these patients performed most like other patients with medial temporal lesions, but the results indicate that structural lesions can have distal metabolic effects on structures elsewhere. These findings are interpreted in the light of neuroanatomical observations concerning parallel projections between medial temporal lobe structures and the thalamus, some of which pass via the retrosplenium.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amnesia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Amnesia / etiology
  • Amnesia / metabolism
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cerebral Cortex / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Computational Biology
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18*
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia, Brain / complications
  • Hypoxia, Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hypoxia, Brain / metabolism
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Temporal Lobe / diagnostic imaging
  • Temporal Lobe / metabolism
  • Thalamus / diagnostic imaging
  • Thalamus / metabolism
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed*

Substances

  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18