Hypolipidaemic effects of naringenin, rutin, nicotinic acid and their associations

Pharmacol Res. 1999 Dec;40(6):493-6. doi: 10.1006/phrs.1999.0556.


Atherosclerosis can be defined as being a disease of coronary circulation. The present work evaluates the action of the naringenin, rutin, nicotinic acid, isolated and in association, on the metabolism of lipids. Cholesterol, cholesterol HDL, and triacylglycerols have been dosed after retreat of blood, following the administration of the compounds dissolved in propylene glycol by intraperitoneal route in doses of 5 mg kg-1 body wt. Results evidence that naringenin and nicotinic acid, isolated as well as their association with naringenin and nicotinic acid-rutin, present the largest percentual reduction of cholesterol. On the other hand, the best results for cholesterol-HDL have been obtained with naringenin, while rutin has shown the best triacylglycerols levels.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Membrane / drug effects
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Flavanones*
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Niacin / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Rutin / pharmacology*


  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Flavanones
  • Flavonoids
  • Hypolipidemic Agents
  • Lipids
  • Niacin
  • Rutin
  • naringenin