Risk stratification after acute myocardial infarction in the reperfusion era

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2000 Jan-Feb;42(4):273-309. doi: 10.1053/pcad.2000.0420273.


Historically, risk stratification for survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has centered on 3 principles: assessment of left ventricular function, detection of residual myocardial ischemia, and estimation of the risk for sudden cardiac death. Although these factors still have important prognostic implications for these patients, our ability to predict adverse cardiac events has significantly improved over the last several years. Recent studies have identified powerful predictors of adverse cardiac events available from the patient history, physical examination, initial electrocardiogram, and blood testing early in the evaluation of patients with AMI. Numerous studies performed in patients receiving early reperfusion therapy with either thrombolysis or primary angioplasty have emphasized the importance of a patent infarct related artery for long-term survival. The predictive value of a variety of noninvasive and invasive tests to predict myocardial electrical instability have been under active investigation in patients receiving early reperfusion therapy. The current understanding of the clinically important predictors of clinical outcomes in survivors of AMI is reviewed in this article.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myocardial Infarction / complications
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy
  • Myocardial Reperfusion*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors