The neuroimaging evidence for chronic brain damage due to boxing

Neuroradiology. 2000 Jan;42(1):1-8. doi: 10.1007/s002340050001.


A number of imaging techniques have been used to investigate changes produced in the brain by boxing. Most morphological studies have failed to show significant correlations between putative abnormalities on imaging and clinical evidence of brain damage. Fenestration of the septum pellucidum, with formation of a cavum, one of the most frequent observations, does not appear to correlate with neurological or physiological evidence of brain damage. Serial studies on large groups may be more informative. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy and cerebral blood flow studies have been reported in only small numbers of boxers; serial studies are not available to date.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / pathology*
  • Boxing / injuries*
  • Brain / blood supply
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Injuries / diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries / etiology*
  • Brain Injuries / pathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Pneumoencephalography
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed