Genetic and Neuroradiological Heterogeneity of Double Cortex Syndrome

Ann Neurol. 2000 Feb;47(2):265-9.


Mutations in the X-linked doublecortin gene appear in many sporadic cases of double cortex (DC; also known as subcortical band heterotopia), a neuronal migration disorder causing epilepsy and mental retardation. The purpose of this study was to examine why a significant percentage of sporadic DC patients had been found not to harbor doublecortin mutations and to determine whether clinical features or magnetic resonance imaging scan appearance could distinguish between patients with and without doublecortin mutations. Magnetic resonance imaging scan analysis differentiated patients into the following four groups: anterior biased/global DC with doublecortin mutation (16 of 30; 53%), anterior biased/global DC without mutation (8 of 30; 27%), posterior biased DC without mutation (3 of 30; 10%), and limited/unilateral DC without mutation (3 of 30; 10%). The presence of these atypical phenotypes suggests that other genetic loci or mosaicism at the doublecortin locus may be responsible for this diversity of DC cases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain / pathology
  • Cerebral Cortex / abnormalities*
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins*
  • Mutation*
  • Neuropeptides / genetics*


  • Microtubule-Associated Proteins
  • Neuropeptides
  • doublecortin protein