Chromosomal alterations in ulcerative colitis-related and sporadic colorectal cancers by comparative genomic hybridization

Hum Pathol. 2000 Jan;31(1):109-14. doi: 10.1016/s0046-8177(00)80206-3.


Both ulcerative colitis (UC)-related and sporadic colorectal cancers are thought to evolve through a multistep process of genomic instability, accumulation of genomic alterations, and clonal expansion. This process may involve different genomic changes in UC-related cancers than in sporadic cancers because of the origin of UC-related cancers in an inflammatory field. This study was designed to define the specific genomic events occurring in UC-related cancers. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was performed on 32 UC-related and 42 stage-matched sporadic colorectal cancers. The mean number of chromosomal alterations per case was similar in the UC-related and sporadic tumor groups (8.6 in UC, 8.1 in sporadic). The 2 tumor groups shared many chromosomal alterations: losses on 18q (78% UC v69% sporadic), 8p (53% v50%), 17p (44% v57%), and gains on 8q (63% v45%), 20q (44% UC v67%), and 13q (44% UC v38%). However, differences in the frequency and timing of specific alterations were observed. Chromosome 5q was lost in 56% of UC-related but in only 26% of sporadic cancers. Alterations of chromosome 8 were associated with stage progression in UC-related, but not in sporadic cancers. In contrast, 18q loss was associated with stage progression in sporadic cancers only. Thus, differences in the frequency and timing of individual chromosomal alterations suggest that genetic progression in these 2 tumor groups may follow multiple pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / genetics*
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / pathology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization