Parental and professional agreement in developmental assessment of very-low-birthweight and term infants

Dev Med Child Neurol. 2000 Jan;42(1):21-4. doi: 10.1017/s0012162200000050.

Abstract

The aim of this prospective follow-up study was to evaluate the accuracy of a parent-completed questionnaire compared with professionally detected developmental delay. Parents of 108 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants and parents of 279 term control infants completed the German version of the Revised Prescreening Developmental Questionnaire (R-PDQ) at the corrected age of 12 months. Simultaneously, infants underwent developmental examination using the Griffiths Developmental Scale. Sixty-nine VLBW infants were classified as not delayed, 16 as delayed by both methods (conegativity 76% and copositivity 94%), as compared to 240 and six term control infants (conegativity 88%, copositivity 94%). The questionnaire suggested delay in 22 VLBW infants and 32 control infants, which was not substantiated by professional examination (P=0.006). In contrast, examination-diagnosed delay was missed by the questionnaire in one infant in each group. The R-PDQ is a reliable monitoring instrument for both VLBW and term infants at the age of 12 months. Parents of VLBW infants tend to underestimate their infants' development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child Development / classification*
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight / psychology*
  • Male
  • Observer Variation
  • Parents
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards