The dopamine D(1) receptor agonist SKF-82958 serves as a discriminative stimulus in the rat

Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Jan 28;388(2):125-31. doi: 10.1016/s0014-2999(99)00864-x.


We examined the discriminative stimulus effects of the high-efficacy dopamine D(1) receptor agonist (+/-)6-chloro-7, 8-dihydroxy-3-ally1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3benzazepine++ + hydrobromide (SKF-82958) in rats trained to discriminate SKF-82958 (0.03 mg/kg) from vehicle in a two-lever food-reinforced drug discrimination task. SKF-82958 produced dose-related increases in responding to the SKF-82958 appropriate lever with full substitution occurring at the training dose. Pretreatment with the dopamine D(1)/D(5) receptor antagonist (-)-trans-6,7,7a,8,9, 13b-hexahydro-3-chloro-2hydroxy-N-methyl-5H-benzo-[d]naphtho -¿2, 1-b¿azepine (SCH-39166) (0.01 mg/kg) attenuated the discriminative stimulus effects of SKF-82958. Pretreatment with the dopamine D(2) receptor antagonist raclopride (0.03 mg/kg) had no effect. The high-efficacy dopamine D(1) receptor agonist R(+)6chloro-7, 8-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine hydrobromide (SKF-81297) fully substituted for SKF-82958, whereas the low-efficacy dopamine D(1) receptor agonist (+/-)1-phenyl-2,3,4, 5-tetrahydro-(1H)-3-benzazepine-7,8-diol hydrochloride (SKF-38393) produced only partial substitution. The dopamine D(2) receptor agonist trans-(+/-)-4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a, 9-octahydro-5-propyl-1H-propyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-g]quinoline dihydrochloride (quinpirole) and the indirect dopamine agonist cocaine did not substitute fully for the SKF-82958 discriminative stimulus cue. These results demonstrate that the high-efficacy dopamine D(1) receptor agonist SKF-82958 can serve as an effective discriminative stimulus in the rat, and that these effects are mediated by a dopamine D(1)-like receptor mechanism.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzazepines / pharmacology*
  • Cocaine / pharmacology
  • Cues
  • Discrimination Learning / drug effects
  • Discrimination, Psychological / drug effects*
  • Dopamine Agonists / pharmacology*
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Male
  • Quinpirole / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1 / agonists*


  • Benzazepines
  • Dopamine Agonists
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1
  • Quinpirole
  • SK&F 82958
  • Cocaine