Efficacy indices do not contain the same information although they are all combinations of the same two quantities. Therefore, one should choose the proper index. Actually, none is entirely appropriate. Each more or less meets the specifications, depending on the underlying effect model for the therapy considered. However, one can say that the absolute benefit is more appropriate from the patient's point of view, the relative from the scientific point of view and the number of patients to treat from the policy maker's point of view. Nevertheless, this classification needs to be considered with caution. Finally, it emerges from the review that none is fully relevant to express the efficacy of a therapy, even in the most suitable condition, the acute illness.