Invasive hyphal growth in Wangiella dermatitidis is induced by stab inoculation and shows dependence upon melanin biosynthesis

Fungal Genet Biol. 1999 Dec;28(3):190-200. doi: 10.1006/fgbi.1999.1176.


Stab inoculation of agar medium with yeasts of the human pathogen Wangiella dermatitidis resulted in induction of invasive hyphae. Mechanical penetration of agar was indicated by the observation that an increase in medium gel strength slowed the rate of substrate invasion. A melanized wild-type strain (8656) exhibited much faster invasive growth through 2-8% agar than three melanin-deficient mutants. Inhibition of melanin synthesis in strain 8656 using tricyclazole resulted in a decrease in its rate of invasive growth, while scytalone restored melanin synthesis in the albino mel3 strain and boosted its rate of invasive growth. Earlier research established that cellular melanization is also associated with invasive hyphal growth in the mouse brain, and infections with strain 8656 are invariably lethal. Together, these in vitro and in vivo data indicate that biomechanical characteristics of fungi may be important determinants of virulence and disease progression in human and animal mycoses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Cell Wall / physiology
  • Culture Media
  • Cytoplasm / chemistry
  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology*
  • Exophiala / drug effects
  • Exophiala / genetics
  • Exophiala / growth & development*
  • Exophiala / pathogenicity*
  • Glycerol / analysis
  • Humans
  • Melanins / biosynthesis*
  • Melanins / genetics
  • Naphthols / pharmacology
  • Permeability
  • Thiazoles / pharmacology
  • Virulence


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Culture Media
  • Melanins
  • Naphthols
  • Thiazoles
  • scytolone
  • Glycerol
  • tricyclazole