Purpose: To describe a quantitative method for measuring the iridocorneal angle recess area, and, using this, to evaluate factors associated with appositional angle-closure during dark room provocative testing using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM).
Methods: All patients (178 patients, 178 eyes) with clinically narrow angles referred for UBM dark room provocative testing between September 1996 and March 1998 were enrolled in this study. Images of the inferior quadrant of the angle taken under standardized dark and light conditions were analyzed. The angle recess area (ARA) was defined as the triangular area demarcated by the anterior iris surface, corneal endothelium, and a line perpendicular to the corneal endothelium drawn from a point 750 microm anterior to the scleral spur to the iris surface. ARA, and acceleration and gamma-intercept of the linear regression analysis of the ARA were calculated. In the linear regression formula, y = ax + b, the acceleration a describes the rate at which the angle widens from the scleral spur; the y-intercept b describes the distance from the scleral spur to the iris.
Results: Under dark conditions, the angles in 99 patients (55.6%) showed evidence of appositional angle-closure during testing. ARA (0.11 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.15 +/- 0.05 mm2, P < .0001, Student t-test), acceleration a (0.22 +/- 0.15 vs. 0.26 +/- 0.17, P = .068), and y-intercept b (66 +/- 46 vs. 92 +/- 47 microm, P = .0003) were smaller in eyes that were occluded. In the eyes that were not occluded, y-intercept b showed no significant difference between light and dark conditions (P = .1, paired t-test), while acceleration a did (P < .0001). In the eyes that were occluded, both decreased significantly under dark conditions (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS The ARA linear regression formula provides useful quantitative information about angle recess anatomy. The more posterior the iris insertion on the ciliary face, the less likely the provocative test will be positive.