Evaluation of a high IgE-responder mouse model of allergy to bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG): development of sandwich immunoassays for total and allergen-specific IgE, IgG1 and IgG2a in BLG-sensitized mice

J Immunol Methods. 2000 Feb 21;235(1-2):21-32. doi: 10.1016/s0022-1759(99)00210-0.


An animal model of food allergy represents an important tool for studying the mechanisms of induction and repression of an allergic reaction, as well as for the development of an immunotherapy to prevent or minimize such an adverse reaction. IgE and IgG1 (Th2 response) vs. IgG2a (Th1 response) are good markers for the induction of an allergic response in mice. Nevertheless, while the total serum concentrations of these isotypes are easy to measure using classical sandwich immunoassays, this is not the case for allergen-specific isotypes. To develop an animal model of allergy to bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), we set up quantitative assays for total and for allergen-specific IgE, IgG1 and IgG2a. Microtiter plates coated either with anti-isotype antibodies (Abs) or with allergen were used for Ab capture, while anti-isotype Fab' fragments coupled to acetylcholinesterase were used for visualization. These assays of anti-BLG specific Abs are original in two ways. First, assay calibration is performed using anti-BLG specific mAbs, thus allowing good quantification of the different isotypes and subclasses of serum antibodies. Second, the detection of all anti-BLG specific Abs, i.e., those recognizing both the native and denatured forms of the protein, is achieved through indirect coating of BLG using biotin-streptavidin binding. The present assays are quantitative, specific to the isotype (cross-reactivity <0.5%), very sensitive (detection limit in the 10 pg/ml range), and reproducible (coefficient of variation less than 10%). Applied to the humoral response in mice sensitized with BLG adsorbed on alum, these assays proved to be a very useful tool for monitoring high IgE-responder mice following BLG immunization, and for an immunotherapy directed at polarizing the immune response.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Allergens / immunology
  • Alum Compounds
  • Animals
  • Antibody Specificity*
  • Cattle
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques / methods*
  • Immunoglobulin E / isolation & purification
  • Immunoglobulin G / isolation & purification
  • Immunoglobulin Isotypes / isolation & purification*
  • Lactoglobulins / immunology*
  • Mice / immunology*
  • Milk Hypersensitivity / immunology*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Vaccination


  • Allergens
  • Alum Compounds
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin Isotypes
  • Lactoglobulins
  • aluminum sulfate
  • Immunoglobulin E