Since Fas ligand (FasL) can induce apoptosis of Fas-bearing cells, Fas/FasL interactions can play a critical role in maintaining self-tolerance. Fas/FasL interactions in lupus-like autoimmune disease have been well characterized in studies using either Fas or FasL mutant mice. However, the effect of the defective FasL-mediated signaling on the establishment of lupus in other mouse strains, such as NZB/W (B/W) F1, remains uncertain. In the present study, we examined the effect of anti-FasL monoclonal antibody (mAb) on the development of lupus. Treatment of B/W F1 mice with anti-FasL mAb augmented IgG1- and IgG2a-type anti-dsDNA Ab production. However, treatment of B/W F1 mice with anti-FasL mAb also significantly prevented the development of lupus nephritis. These results indicate that Fas/FasL interactions not only regulate IgG-type autoantibody production, but also influence the development of lupus nephritis in B/W F1 mice.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.