Inhibition of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase type V (PDE5) has been shown to improve penile erection in patients with erectile dysfunction. We report here the cloning of three PDE5 isoforms from human penile tissues. Two of the isoforms were identical to PDE5A1 and PDE5A2, respectively, which had been isolated from nonpenile tissues. The third isoform was novel and hence called PDE5A3. The deduced amino acid sequence of PDE5A3 was the same as the C-terminal 823-residue sequence of PDE5A1 and PDE5A2. While PDE5A1 and A2 isoforms were expressed in all tissues examined, the A3 isoform was confined to tissues with a smooth muscle or cardiac muscle component. When expressed in COS-7 cells, PDE5A1, A2, and A3 isoforms had similar cGMP-catalytic activities with K(m) of 6.2, 5.75, and 6.06 microM, respectively. Their cGMP-catalytic activities were inhibited by zaprinast with IC(50) values of 3.2 microM, 1.3 microM, and 1.6 microM, respectively, and by sildenafil with IC(50) of 28, 14, and 13 nM, respectively.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.